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Provincial Secretariat for Urban Planning, Construction and Environmental Protection
Provincial Secretariat for Urban Planning, Construction and Environmental Protection
European Affairs Fund of Autonomous Province of Vojvodina
European Affairs Fund of Autonomous Province of Vojvodina
City of Sombor
City of Sombor
Local Government of Baja
Local Government of Baja
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Ambrosia

  • Ambrosia (lat. Ambrosia artemisiifolia) is a genus of invasive weeds, one of the most common and most dangerous allergic plants in the world. It was brought from America by transoceanic ships at the end of 19th century, and since then it has been spreading steadily and unstoppably.

    Ambrosia is a hardy annual plant, from 20 cm up to 2 m high. It sprouts from the middle of April and flourishes until late summer and fall.

    Previous researches have shown that ambrosia is particularly dangerous in the flowering period, i.e. from July until September.

    Ambrosia pollen causes allergies in humans. With sensitive individuals, 20-30 pollen grains in one square meter can cause allergic reactions, and one plant only can produce more than a few million grains. With the help of wind it can spread to the distance of 200 kilometers.

    The amount of pollen increases with heavy spring rainfall and a hot, dry summer. Therefore, wet or humid summer, when the amount of pollen in the air decreases is especially favourable to patients.

    With people who are allergic to ambrosia, the symptoms most commonly start in August and are manifested in respiratory organs, eyes and skin. It is important to state that the therapy should begin at the very start of ambrosia flowering or 7-10 days prior to it, that is, before the problems start.

    The number of people suffering of ambrosia pollen allergy has a tendency to grow and it significantly reduces the normal living functions and work capacity of the population, which is additional burden not only on their environment, but on the health funds of their country as well. 

    Ambrosia primarily inhabits untouched and neglected terrain. It also grows on agricultural land together with the cultivated plants (soybean, sugar beet, maize, sunflower), therefore, it affects the yields and the cost increase of the agricultural production itself due to the costs of its suppression.

    Measures against ambrosia can be administrative, mechanical and chemical. The most efficient way of destroying it is pulling it from the roots, in places where there are individual plants.

 
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