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Provincial Secretariat for Urban Planning, Construction and Environmental Protection
Provincial Secretariat for Urban Planning, Construction and Environmental Protection
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European Affairs Fund of Autonomous Province of Vojvodina
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City of Sombor
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Local Government of Baja
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Ambrosia pollen – cause of allergic diseases

  • The pollen contains tiny, light, dry substances, round or oval, released from flowering plants. Its purpose is to pollinate the plants of the same species, i.e. it serves the reproductive function. It is carried by wind or insects. When pollen is airborne, it may reach a person's eyes, nose, lungs or skin and cause an allergic reaction.

    The airborne pollen is usually the cause of seasonal allergies, which is not the case with the pollen carried by insects. Each spring, summer and autumn pollen grains are released from trees, grass and weeds. Pollen, especially from weeds, is one of the most common causes of allergies. Most allergens are produced by the plants which produce great quantities of pollen. Ambrosia may be "the main culprit", but there are other sources as well.

    As it is the case with all allergies, the allergy to ambrosia appears when the body's immune system overreacts to a foreign body, which is in fact harmless. Such reaction is more common in those with genetic predisposition, so-called "atopic people". Specialised immune cells start producing antibodies as a response to the protein in pollen.
    This is followed by a cascade of reactions in the organism, which can create various symptoms.

 
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